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CAPEC-628: Carry-Off GPS Attack

Attack Pattern ID: 628
Abstraction: Detailed
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+ Description
A common form of a GPS spoofing attack, commonly termed a carry-off attack begins with an adversary broadcasting signals synchronized with the genuine signals observed by the target receiver. The power of the counterfeit signals is then gradually increased and drawn away from the genuine signals. Over time, the adversary can carry the target away from their intended destination and toward a location chosen by the adversary.
+ Likelihood Of Attack


+ Typical Severity


+ Relationships
Section HelpThis table shows the other attack patterns and high level categories that are related to this attack pattern. These relationships are defined as ChildOf and ParentOf, and give insight to similar items that may exist at higher and lower levels of abstraction. In addition, relationships such as CanFollow, PeerOf, and CanAlsoBe are defined to show similar attack patterns that the user may want to explore.
ChildOfStandard Attack PatternStandard Attack Pattern - A standard level attack pattern in CAPEC is focused on a specific methodology or technique used in an attack. It is often seen as a singular piece of a fully executed attack. A standard attack pattern is meant to provide sufficient details to understand the specific technique and how it attempts to accomplish a desired goal. A standard level attack pattern is a specific type of a more abstract meta level attack pattern.627Counterfeit GPS Signals
Section HelpThis table shows the views that this attack pattern belongs to and top level categories within that view.
+ Prerequisites
The target must be relying on valid GPS signal to perform critical operations.
+ Skills Required
[Level: High]
This attack requires advanced knoweldge in GPS technology.
+ Example Instances
A "proof-of-concept" attack was successfully performed in June, 2013, when the luxury yacht "White Rose" was misdirected with spoofed GPS signals from Monaco to the island of Rhodes by a group of aerospace engineering students from the Cockrell School of Engineering at the University of Texas in Austin. The students were aboard the yacht, allowing their spoofing equipment to gradually overpower the signal strengths of the actual GPS constellation satellites, altering the course of the yacht.
+ References
[REF-489] "Wikipedia". GPS Spooking. The Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. <>.
+ Content History
Submission DateSubmitterOrganization
(Version 2.7)
CAPEC Content TeamThe MITRE Corporation
Modification DateModifierOrganization
(Version 2.10)
CAPEC Content TeamThe MITRE Corporation
Updated Attack_Prerequisites, Description Summary, Related_Attack_Patterns, Typical_Likelihood_of_Exploit, Typical_Severity
(Version 2.12)
CAPEC Content TeamThe MITRE Corporation
Updated Attack_Motivation-Consequences, Attacker_Skills_or_Knowledge_Required
(Version 3.1)
CAPEC Content TeamThe MITRE Corporation
Updated Related_Attack_Patterns
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Page Last Updated or Reviewed: July 31, 2018