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CAPEC-506: Tapjacking

Attack Pattern ID: 506
Abstraction: Standard
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+ Description
An adversary, through a previously installed malicious application, displays an interface that misleads the user and convinces them to tap on an attacker desired location on the screen. This is often accomplished by overlaying one screen on top of another while giving the appearance of a single interface. There are two main techniques used to accomplish this. The first is to leverage transparent properties that allow taps on the screen to pass through the visible application to an application running in the background. The second is to strategically place a small object (e.g., a button or text field) on top of the visible screen and make it appear to be a part of the underlying application. In both cases, the user is convinced to tap on the screen but does not realize the application that they are interacting with.
+ Likelihood Of Attack


+ Typical Severity


+ Relationships
Section HelpThis table shows the other attack patterns and high level categories that are related to this attack pattern. These relationships are defined as ChildOf and ParentOf, and give insight to similar items that may exist at higher and lower levels of abstraction. In addition, relationships such as CanFollow, PeerOf, and CanAlsoBe are defined to show similar attack patterns that the user may want to explore.
ChildOfMeta Attack PatternMeta Attack Pattern - A meta level attack pattern in CAPEC is a decidedly abstract characterization of a specific methodology or technique used in an attack. A meta attack pattern is often void of a specific technology or implementation and is meant to provide an understanding of a high level approach. A meta level attack pattern is a generalization of related group of standard level attack patterns. Meta level attack patterns are particularly useful for architecture and design level threat modeling exercises.173Action Spoofing
Section HelpThis table shows the views that this attack pattern belongs to and top level categories within that view.
+ Prerequisites
This pattern of attack requires the ability to execute a malicious application on the user's device. This malicious application is used to present the interface to the user and make the attack possible.
+ References
[REF-436] Marcus Niemietz and Jorg Schwenk. "UI Redressing Attacks on Android Devices". 4. New Browserless Attacks. Horst Gortz Institute for IT-Security. 2012. <>.
[REF-437] David Richardson. "Look-10-007 - Tapjacking". Lookout Mobile Security. 2010. <>.
+ Content History
Submission DateSubmitterOrganization
(Version 2.6)
CAPEC Content TeamThe MITRE Corporation
Modification DateModifierOrganization
(Version 2.10)
CAPEC Content TeamThe MITRE Corporation
Updated Description Summary
(Version 2.11)
CAPEC Content TeamThe MITRE Corporation
Updated Related_Weaknesses
(Version 2.12)
CAPEC Content TeamThe MITRE Corporation
Updated Description Summary
(Version 3.2)
CAPEC Content TeamThe MITRE Corporation
Updated Related_Attack_Patterns
(Version 3.3)
CAPEC Content TeamThe MITRE Corporation
Updated Description
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Page Last Updated or Reviewed: July 31, 2018