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CAPEC-144: Detect Unpublicized Web Services

Attack Pattern ID: 144
Abstraction: Detailed
Status: Draft
Presentation Filter:
+ Description
An adversary searches a targeted web site for web services that have not been publicized. This attack can be especially dangerous since unpublished but available services may not have adequate security controls placed upon them given that an administrator may believe they are unreachable.
+ Typical Severity

Low

+ Relationships
Section HelpThis table shows the other attack patterns and high level categories that are related to this attack pattern. These relationships are defined as ChildOf and ParentOf, and give insight to similar items that may exist at higher and lower levels of abstraction. In addition, relationships such as CanFollow, PeerOf, and CanAlsoBe are defined to show similar attack patterns that the user may want to explore.
NatureTypeIDName
ChildOfStandard Attack PatternStandard Attack Pattern - A standard level attack pattern in CAPEC is focused on a specific methodology or technique used in an attack. It is often seen as a singular piece of a fully executed attack. A standard attack pattern is meant to provide sufficient details to understand the specific technique and how it attempts to accomplish a desired goal. A standard level attack pattern is a specific type of a more abstract meta level attack pattern.150Collect Data from Common Resource Locations
Section HelpThis table shows the views that this attack pattern belongs to and top level categories within that view.
+ Execution Flow
Explore
  1. Find target web site: An adversary finds a target web site that they think may have unpublicized web services

  2. Map the published web site: The adversary will map the published web site either by using an automated tool or by manually accessing well-known debugging or logging pages, or otherwise predictable pages within the site tree

    Techniques
    Use Dirbuster to brute force directories and file names to find unpublicized web services
    Find a pattern in the naming of documents and extrapolate this pattern to discover additional documents that have been created but are no longer externally linked
Experiment
  1. Try to find weaknesses or information: The adversary will try to find weaknesses in the unpublicized services that the targeted site did not intend to be public

    Techniques
    Use Nikto to look for web service vulnerabilities
Exploit
  1. Follow-up attack: Use any information or weaknesses found to carry out a follow-up attack

+ Prerequisites
The targeted web site must include unpublished services within its web tree. The nature of these services determines the severity of this attack.
+ Resources Required
Spidering tools to explore the target web site are extremely useful in this attack especially when attacking large sites. Some tools might also be able to automatically construct common service queries from known paths.
+ Content History
Submissions
Submission DateSubmitterOrganization
2014-06-23CAPEC Content TeamThe MITRE Corporation
Modifications
Modification DateModifierOrganization
2015-12-07CAPEC Content TeamThe MITRE Corporation
Updated Related_Attack_Patterns
2019-09-30CAPEC Content TeamThe MITRE Corporation
Updated Related_Attack_Patterns
2020-07-30CAPEC Content TeamThe MITRE Corporation
Updated Related_Attack_Patterns
2021-10-21CAPEC Content TeamThe MITRE Corporation
Updated Description, Execution_Flow
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Page Last Updated or Reviewed: October 21, 2021