Home > CAPEC List > CAPEC-386: Application API Navigation Remapping (Version 2.10)  

CAPEC-386: Application API Navigation Remapping

 
Application API Navigation Remapping
Definition in a New Window Definition in a New Window
Attack Pattern ID: 386
Abstraction: Standard
Status: Draft
Completeness: Stub
Presentation Filter:
+ Summary

An attacker manipulates either egress or ingress data from a client within an application framework in order to change the destination and/or content of links/buttons displayed to a user within API messages. Performing this attack allows the attacker to manipulate content in such a way as to produce messages or content that looks authentic but contains links/buttons that point to an attacker controlled destination. Some applications make navigation remapping more difficult to detect because the actual HREF values of images, profile elements, and links/buttons are masked. One example would be to place an image in a user's photo gallery that when clicked upon redirected the user to an off-site location. Also, traditional web vulnerabilities (such as CSRF) can be constructed with remapped buttons or links. In some cases navigation remapping can be used for Phishing attacks or even means to artificially boost the page view, user site reputation, or click-fraud.

+ Target Attack Surface

Target Attack Surface Description

Targeted OSI Layers: Transport Layer

Target Attack Surface Localities

Server-side

Target Attack Surface Types: Host

Target Functional Services

Target Functional Service 1: None
Protocol 1: HTTP
Related Protocol: Internet Protocol
Relationship Type
Uses Protocol
Related Protocol: Transmission Control Protocol
Relationship Type
Uses Protocol
+ Attack Prerequisites
  • Targeted software is utilizing application framework APIs

+ Typical Severity

Medium

+ Resources Required

A software program that allows a user to man-in-the-middle communications between the client and server, such as a man-in-the-middle proxy.

+ References
[R.386.1] [REF-25] Tom Stracener and Sean Barnum. "So Many Ways [...]: Exploiting Facebook and YoVille". Defcon 18. 2010.
+ Content History
Submissions
SubmitterOrganizationDateSource
CAPEC Content TeamThe MITRE Corporation2014-06-23Internal_CAPEC_Team
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Page Last Updated or Reviewed: May 01, 2017