Common Attack Pattern Enumeration and Classification
A Community Resource for Identifying and Understanding Attacks
An attacker manipulates either egress or ingress data from a client within an application framework in order to change the destination and/or content of links/buttons displayed to a user within API messages. Performing this attack allows the attacker to manipulate content in such a way as to produce messages or content that looks authentic but contains links/buttons that point to an attacker controlled destination. Some applications make navigation remapping more difficult to detect because the actual HREF values of images, profile elements, and links/buttons are masked. One example would be to place an image in a user's photo gallery that when clicked upon redirected the user to an off-site location. Also, traditional web vulnerabilities (such as CSRF) can be constructed with remapped buttons or links. In some cases navigation remapping can be used for Phishing attacks or even means to artificially boost the page view, user site reputation, or click-fraud.
Target Attack Surface Description
Targeted OSI Layers: Transport Layer
Target Attack Surface Localities
Target Attack Surface Types: Host
Target Functional Services
A software program that allows a user to man-in-the-middle communications between the client and server, such as a man-in-the-middle proxy.
[R.386.1] [REF-25] Tom Stracener and Sean Barnum. "So Many Ways [...]: Exploiting Facebook and YoVille". Defcon 18. 2010.
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