The attacker forces an application to load arbitrary code files from the local machine. The attacker could use this to try to load old versions of library files that have known vulnerabilities, to load files that the attacker placed on the local machine during a prior attack, or to otherwise change the functionality of the targeted application in unexpected ways.
The targeted application must have a bug that allows an adversary to control which code file is loaded at some juncture.
Some variants of this attack may require that old versions of some code files be present and in predictable locations.
The adversary needs to have enough access to the target application to control the identity of a locally included file. The attacker may also need to be able to upload arbitrary code files to the target machine, although any location for these files may be acceptable.
Solutions and Mitigations
Implementation: Avoid passing user input to filesystem or framework API. If necessary to do so, implement specific, white-list approach.
Execute unauthorized code or commands
Through local code inclusion, the adversary compromises the integrity of the application.
Read application data
An attacker may leverage local code inclusion in order to print sensitive data to a page, such as hidden configuration files or or password hashes.
Directory traversal vulnerability in framework/Image/Image.php in Horde before 3.2.4 and 3.3.3 and Horde Groupware before 1.1.5 allows remote attackers to include and execute arbitrary local files via directory traversal sequences in the Horde_Image driver name.
More information is available — Please select a different filter.
Page Last Updated or Reviewed:
August 04, 2017
Use of the Common Attack Pattern Enumeration and Classification dictionary and classification taxonomy, and the associated references from this website, are subject to the