An attacker actively targets exploitation of weaknesses, limitations and assumptions in the mechanisms a target utilizes to manage access to its resources or authorize utilization of its functionality. Such exploitation can lead to the complete subversion of any control the target has over its data or functionality enabling almost any desired action on the part of the attacker. Weaknesses targeted by these sorts of attacks are often due to three primary factors: 1) a fundamental dependence on authentication mechanisms being effective; 2) a lack of effective control over the separation of privilege between various entities; and 3) assumptions and overconfidence in the strength or rigor of the implemented authorization mechanisms.
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Page Last Updated:
November 13, 2015
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